Executions at Tyburn 1725 – 1734.

 

With special thanks to Mr. Dave Mossop for allowing me to publish the results of his years of painstaking research thus enabling this unique insight into 18th century crime and punishment.  If you would like more detail on some of these cases or wish to view the trial transcripts, go to the Old Bailey on-line website at  http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/

 

582 death sentences were passed during this decade on 494 men and 88 women.  Of these 320 men and 25 women were duly executed.  Overall reprieve rate : 41.2%

Male reprieves : 35.8% Female reprieves : 71.59%.

 

1725

There were 6 “hanging days” at Tyburn with 30 men and 2 women being hanged.

56 people were sentenced to death in this year, comprising 46 men and 10 women. 

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Tuesday 5th January
(sentenced in 1724)

William Anderson

Assault & robbery

 

The Sessions held on the 15th of January resulted in 9 men being sentenced to death of whom 3 were reprieved. 

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

Monday 1st February

John Hewlet

Murder

William Lipsat

Stealing in a dwelling house

Thomas Bradley

Highway robbery

Joseph Picken

Highway robbery

Thomas Packer

Highway robbery

Edward Johnson (or Pollet)

Privately stealing from person

 

The February Sessions that began on the 24th resulted in a further 4 men being sentenced to death, all of whom were reprieved. 

 

9 men and 4 women were sentenced to death at the 7th of April Sessions. 2 men and 3 women were reprieved.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

 

Friday 30th April

Mary Hanson

Murder of brother in law

Vincent Davis

Murder of wife

William Eaton

Highway robbery

Bryan Smith

Sending threatening letter

Thomas Lloyd

Burglary

John Guy

Killing deer

James Camell

Highway robbery

William Marshall

Highway robbery

 

5 men were condemned at the 13th of May Sessions, of whom 1 was reprieved.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

Monday 24th May

Robert Sanford

Highway robbery

William Sperry

Highway robbery

Jonathan Wilde

Receiving stolen goods etc.

Robert Harpham

H/T coining

 

The Sessions on the 30th of June saw 1 woman get the death sentence for Petty Treason.  There is no report of her execution or of a reprieve.

 

The next Sessions began on the 27h of August and resulted in 5 men and 2 women being sentenced to death.  1 man and 1 of the women were reprieved. 1 man died in prison.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

Monday 13th September

Jane Wilkinson

Privately stealing from person

John Price

Burglary

Thomas Wooldridge

Burglary

John Little

Housebreaking

 

6 men and a woman received death sentences at the October Sessions on the 13th of that month with 2 men being subsequently reprieved.  The woman died in Newgate.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

Wednesday 3rd November

James Carter

Theft

James Little

Highway robbery

Foster Snow

Murder

John Whalebone

At large

 

The December Sessions opened on the 8th and 8 men and 2 women received death sentences of whom 2 men and 1 woman were reprieved.  3 men and the women were reprieved.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

Wednesday 22nd December

Richard Scurrier

Stealing in a shop

James Bird

Highway robbery

John Hemp

Highway robbery

John Austin

Highway robbery

John Foster

Housebreaking

 

1726

52 men and 12 women were sentenced to death during this year. 26 men and 5 women were hanged and 1 woman burned at the stake at 7 “hanging days”. 1 man died in Newgate before he could be  sentenced.

 

The first Sessions of 1726 were held on the 14th January and resulted in death sentences on 2 men, neither being reprieved

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Friday 18th February

Samuel Sells

Highway robbery

John Mattocks

Highway robbery

 

7 men were condemned at the March Sessions on the 2nd of whom 2 men were later reprieved.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

Monday 14th March

Benjamin Jones

Housebreaking

Francis Bailey

Housebreaking

William Yates (Vulcan)

Outlaw

William Swift

Highway robbery

John Barton

Burglary

 

13 men and 2 women were condemned at the 20th of April Sessions, with 3 men being later reprieved and 2 dying in prison.  Katherine Hayes was burned at the stake for the Petty Treason murder of her husband.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

 

 

Monday 9th May

John Cotterel

Housebreaking

John Gillingham

Highway robbery

John Map

Highway robbery

Gabriel Lawrence

Sodomy

William Griffin

Sodomy

Thomas Wright

Sodomy

Henry Vigous

Highway robbery

James Dupree

Housebreaking

Thomas Billings

Murder

Katherine Hayes

P/T murder of husband

Thomas Billings had assisted Katherine Hayes in the murder of her husband and was hanged in chains after execution on the Paddington Road.

 

The next Sessions opened on the 25th of May and resulted in death sentences on 7 men of whom 4 were reprieved.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

Monday 27th June

William Hollis

Burglary

William Brown

Stealing in a shop

John Murrel

Horse theft

 

The Sessions on 13th of July resulted in 9 men and 1 woman being condemned of whom 4 men were reprieved and 2 died in prison.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

Wednesday 3rd August

John Claxon

Unknown - mentioned in sentencing summary

Edward Reynolds

Mary Stanford

Privately stealing from person

Thomas Smith

Highway robbery

 

The August Sessions opened on the 31st and led to death sentences being passed on 5 men and 7 women.  Of these 3 men and 1 woman were reprieved and 1 man died in prison.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

 

Monday 12th September

Frances Blacket

Highway robbery

William Allison

Horse theft

John Cartwright

Stealing in a dwelling house

Mary Robinson

Stealing in a shop

Jane Holmes

Stealing in a shop

Katherine Fitzpatrick

Stealing in a shop

Jane Martin

At large

 

7 men and 1 woman were sentenced to death at the October Sessions on the 12th of that month.  5 men and the woman being later reprieved. 

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Thursday 3rd November

Joseph Smith

Privately stealing from person

Anthony Drury

Highway robbery

 

2 men and 2 women were condemned at the December Sessions on the 7th of whom 1 man and the 2 women were reprieved.  The other man was held over for execution in 1727.

 

1727

30 men and 10 women were sentenced to death during this year.  There were 5 “hanging days” at Tyburn this year with 15 men and 1 woman being hanged.

 

As a result of the January Sessions on the 13th of the month, 3 men and 2 women were sentenced to death of whom 2 of the men and the women were reprieved.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Monday 13th February
(sentenced 1726)

William Miller

Highway robbery

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Monday 13th February
(sentenced 1727)

Robert Haines

Murder

 

3 men received death sentences at the 22nd of February Sessions of whom 1 was reprieved. 

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Wednesday 22nd March

Thomas Wheeler

Burglary

John Fox

Privately stealing from person

 

The April Sessions on the 12th of that month resulted in 4 men being condemned, of whom 3 were reprieved and 1 died in gaol.

 

A man and a woman were condemned at the 17th of May Sessions but both reprieved.

 

The July Sessions saw 5 men and 3 women condemned, of whom 2 of the men and the women were reprieved. 

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

Friday 11th August

Thomas Timms

Highway robbery

Thomas Perry

Highway robbery

Edward Brown

Highway robbery

 

5 men and a woman were sentenced to hang at the August Sessions on the 30th of the month, of whom 1 man and the woman were reprieved.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

Monday 18th September

Samuel Hammond

Murder

Henry Chaplin

Burglary

Peter Boother

Burglary

Thomas Johnson

At large

 

4 men and 2 women were condemned at the October Sessions on the 17th of that month, with 1 woman being reprieved.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

Monday 20th November

Sarah Griffith

Burglary

Richard Lyon

Burglary

John Turner

Highway robbery

John Johnson

H/T coining

Samuel Johnson (Cabbage)

At large

 

The Sessions held on the 6th December resulted in death sentences being passed on 5 men and 1 woman, of whom at least 3 men and the woman were reprieved.  There is no confirmation of either a reprieve or an execution for the other 2 men, who appear to have been respited.

 

1728

 

There were 7 “hanging days” at Tyburn in 1728 with 44 men and 9 women being executed.  63 men and 15 women were condemned during this year. 

 

The first Sessions of the New Year were held on the 17th of January resulting in 7 men being condemned of whom 2 were reprieved.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

Monday 12th February

Joseph Barrett

Murder (son)

James Sherwood (Hobs)

Highway robbery/burglary

George Weedon

Highway robbery/burglary

Henry Hews

Burglary

Richard Jones

Housebreaking

 

The February 28th Sessions led to another 6 men and 2 women being sentenced to death of whom 4 men were reprieved.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

Wednesday 27th March

Benjamin Branch

Highway robbery

Martin Bellamy

Burglary

Margaret Wallis (alias Stainens)

Burglary

Margaret Murphew

Theft

James Staggles

Highway robbery

 

The 1st of May Sessions were a very busy affair with 21 men and 8 women condemned. Of these 5 men and 4 women were reprieved and 1 man died in Newgate.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Monday 20th May

Hester Landell

Mentioned in sentencing summary only

Mary Henderson

Aid and abet illegal marriage

Margaret Pendergrass

Aid and abet illegal marriage

Christopher Rawlins

Highway robbery

Isaac Ashby

Highway robbery

John Rawden

Highway robbery

John Cobbs

Highway robbery

James Toon

Highway robbery

William Septon (or Seaton)

Highway robbery

Edward Benson

Highway robbery

George Gale

Highway robbery

Thomas Crowder

Highway robbery

Richard Nicholls

Stealing in a shop

William Russell

Highway robbery

William Holden

Highway robbery

Robert Crouch

Highway robbery

Mary Taylor

Privately stealing from person

John Hornby

Highway robbery

James Smith

Stealing in a dwelling house

 

The June Sessions opened on the 5th saw a further 6 men and 2 women condemned.  Of these 2 men and 1 woman were reprieved.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

Wednesday 26th June

Thomas Ward

Burglary

Richard Hews

Highway robbery

Thomas Jinkins

Housebreaking

Bryan Maguire

Mentioned in sentencing summary only

Eleanor Benson

Privately stealing from person

 

3 men were sentenced to hang at the 17th of July Sessions.  Of these 2 were reprieved.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Friday 23rd August

James Haddock

Stealing

 

5 men and a woman were condemned at the August Sessions which opened on the 28th.  1 man being subsequently reprieved.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

Wednesday 11th September

James Mow (Harris)

Stealing in a dwelling house

Griffin Owen

Highway robbery

Thomas Medling

Highway robbery

Samuel Harris

Highway robbery

Eleanor Reddy

Stealing in a dwelling house

 

15 men and 1 woman were condemned at the October Sessions on the 16th.  Of these only 3men were reprieved.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

 

 

 

 

Monday 11th November

Thomas White

Highway robbery

Thomas Evans

Highway robbery

Nathaniel Walker

Highway robbery

William Taylor

Highway robbery

Charles Mackcullister

Highway robbery

John Hyrons

Highway robbery

Anthony Meagre

Highway robbery

Peter Levee

Highway robbery

John Fetherby

Highway robbery

Thomas Vaux

Highway robbery

Stephen Barnham

Highway robbery

Elizabeth Powell

Housebreaking

John Oney

At large

 

The final Sessions of the year took place on the 4th of December with just 1 woman being sentenced to death.  She was subsequently reprieved.

 

1729

 

There were 8 “hanging days” at Tyburn in 1729 with 30 men and 2 women being executed.  47 men and 10 women were condemned during this year. 

 

The 16th of January Sessions saw 6 men and 1 woman receive death sentences, 2 of the men were reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Friday 7th February

Jeremiah Cray

Highway robbery

William Davis

Burglary

Thomas Neaves

Stealing in a shop

Thomas Revell

Stealing in a dwelling house

Elizabeth Cook

Stealing in a dwelling house

 

Death sentences were passed on 14 men and 2 women at the February Sessions on the 26th of that month, 2 men and the 2 women being later reprieved.  2 of the men managed to break out of prison.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

 

 

Monday 24th March

Nicholas Dawling

Housebreaking

Charles Cook

Housebreaking

Peter Owen (Kelly)

Murder

John Edmonds

Horse theft

William Lythe

Horse theft

Timothy Cotton

Highway robbery

William Marple

Highway robbery

John Bowen (Bowling)

Stealing in a shop

Henry Geahagan

H/T coining

 

Date

Name

Crime

Monday 31st March

Robert Blake

H/T coining

 

3 men and 1 woman were condemned at the 16th of April Sessions of whom only 1 man was to hang.

 

Date

Name

Crime

Monday 19th of May

Jepthan Bigg

Sending threatening letter

 

4 men were condemned at the 21st of May Sessions and all reprieved.

 

5 men and 2 women received death sentences at the July Sessions on the 9th.  The sentences on 1 man and the 2 women were commuted. 

 

Date

Name

Crime

Friday 25th July

James Cluff

Murder

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

Friday 22nd August

Thomas James Grundy

Burglary

Joseph Kemp

Burglary

Benjamin Wildman

Highway robbery

 

The 27th of August Sessions resulted in 4 men and 1 woman being condemned. 1 man and the woman were reprieved.

 

5 men and 1 woman received death sentences at the 15th of October Sessions.  Only 1 man was reprieved.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

 

Friday 21st November

William Simpson

Horse theft

James Bolton

Horse theft

William Rogers

At large

Richard Tonnard

Horse theft

Robert Oliver

Stealing in a dwelling house

John Dyer

Burglary

Abraham Dumbleton

Burglary

Esther Morgan

Stealing in a dwelling house

 

6 men and 2 women were condemned at the 3rd of December Sessions, with 2 men and the 2 women being reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

Monday 22nd December

 

James Drummond

Highway robbery

Adam Marsh

Arson

William Costyn (Caustin)

Highway robbery

Jeffrey Younger

Highway robbery

 

1730

 

There were 7 “hanging days” at Tyburn in this year with 37 men and no women being executed. 59 men and 5 women were condemned during this year. 

 

The January Sessions on the 16th of that month saw 6 men receive death sentences of whom 2 were reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

Friday 20th February

 

William Goodman (Goodborn)

Robbery in a dwelling house

Henry Nowland

Highway robbery

Thomas Westwood

Highway robbery

John Everett

Highway robbery

 

9 men and a woman were condemned at the February Sessions on the 25th, with 1 man and the woman reprieved.  1 of the men died in Newgate and 1 was respited for a week.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Friday 17th April

 

Francis Hackabout

Highway robbery

Ferdinando Shrimpton

Murder

Robert Drummond

Accomplice to murder

William Newcomb

Burglary

Peter Rivers

Highway robbery

 

9 men and a woman were sentenced to death at the April Sessions held on the 8th.  4 men and the woman being subsequently reprieved.  Hugh Horton committed suicide on the morning of execution but was hanged in chains on Hounslow Heath.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

Tuesday 12th May

Abraham Israel

Stealing in a dwelling house

James Dalton

Highway robbery

David Aubert

Burglary

Thomas Williams

Burglary

 

2 men and a woman were condemned at the May Sessions that opened on the 13th.  Only the woman was reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

Monday 1st June

John Doyle

Unknown crime - mentioned in sentencing summary

John Young

Highway robbery

 

There were no death sentences passed at the July Sessions.

 

11 men were sentenced to death at the 28th of August Sessions, with 6 reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Wednesday 7th October

 

Gilbert Lawrence

Sodomy

Nicholas Gilburn

Highway robbery

Thomas Hitchin

Highway robbery

Singdel Street

Stealing in a shop

Samuel Armstrong

Housebreaking

 

7 men were sentenced to death at the 14th of October Sessions with just 3 reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

Monday 16th November

 

Thomas Rivers

Burglary

Hugh Morris

Highway robbery

James O’Brien

Highway robbery

Robert Johnson

Highway robbery

 

15 men and 2 women received death sentences at the December 2nd Sessions. 2 of the men and the 2 women were reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

 

 

 

Wednesday 23rd December

 

Abraham White

Highway robbery

Francis Saunders

Highway robbery

John Mines (Minsham, Mitchell)

Highway robbery

William Brabyn (Brabant)

Highway robbery

James Hall

Highway robbery

William Holland

Highway robbery

Peter Norman

Highway robbery

John Smith

Highway robbery

John Barnet

Highway robbery

Richard Smith

Highway robbery

William Whitford

Highway robbery

Joshua Cornwall

Accessory to burglary

Robert Taylor

Highway robbery

 

1731

 

There were 6 “hanging days” at Tyburn this year with 35 men and no women being hanged.  43 men and 2 women were condemned during the year. 

 

The January Sessions were held on the 15th and saw 2 men receive death sentences.  1 man was reprieved.

 

4 men were condemned at the February Sessions on the 24th of that month and all were hanged.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Wednesday 8th March

 

William Mayne

Forgery

George Wych

Highway robbery

Thomas Andrews

Highway robbery

William Williams

Highway robbery

John Chapel

Murder

 

The 28th of April Sessions saw 9 men condemned, of whom 4 were reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Friday 14th May

 

James Berry

Housebreaking

Richard Cooper

Murder

Francis Woodmarsh

Murder

Richard Trapp (“Blue DicK”)

Highway robbery

Ambrose Newport

Horse theft

 

The next Sessions opened on the 2nd of June with 5 men and a woman being sentenced to hang. 1 man and the woman were subsequently reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

Wednesday 16th June

 

Richard Cooper

Forgery

William Burrows

Highway robbery

Charles Ogilby

Highway robbery

Samuel Curtis

Horse theft

 

8 men were condemned at the 14th of July Sessions and all hanged.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

 

Monday 26th July

 

Thomas Granger

Stealing in a dwelling house

John Davis

Highway robbery

John Drinkwater

Highway robbery

Bernard Fink Jr.

Highway robbery

John Armstrong

Highway robbery

William Yates (Warrington)

Highway robbery

Nathaniel Lampree

Highway robbery

Thomas Clarkson

Highway robbery

 

3 men were condemned at the September Sessions which opened on the 8th. Again there were no reprieves.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

Friday 24th September

Robert Irwin

Murder

Richard Davis

Burglary

William Tracy

Burglary

 

A man and a woman were condemned at the October Sessions on the 15th and both were reprieved. 

 

11 men received death sentences at the December Sessions on the 8th, of whom just 1 was reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

 

 

Monday 20th December

 

James Dortman

Highway robbery

Samuel Cole

Highway robbery

Edward Pain

Highway robbery

George Mason

Highway robbery

John Norman

Highway robbery

John Rogers (Roberts)

Highway robbery

Thomas Woolcot

Highway robbery

Patrick Nowland

Housebreaking

Robert Nowland

Housebreaking

William Trevor

Housebreaking

 

1732

 

There were 8 “hanging days” at Tyburn this year with 35 men and no women being hanged.  59 men and 5 women were sentenced to death in this year. 

 

The January Sessions on the 14th of that month saw just 2 men receive death sentences, neither being reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

Monday 14th February

George Scroggs

Highway robbery

Robert Hallam

Murder of wife

 

7 men and a woman were condemned at the February Sessions on the 23rd of that month and 1 man and the woman subsequently reprieved. 

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Monday 6th March

Thomas Smith

Highway robbery

Thomas Faxlon

Highway robbery

Thomas Andrews

Burglary

George Burrough

At large

Thomas Edwards

Highway robbery

Thomas Post

Highway robbery

 

5 men and 2 women received death sentences at the 19th of April Sessions of which 2 of the men’s were carried out.  William Hurst died in Newgate.

 

Date

Name

Crime

Monday 22nd May

 

Richard Wentland

Highway robbery

Thomas Beck

Highway robbery

 

9 men were sentenced to hang at the 25th of May Sessions and none reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

 

Monday 5th June

 

John Osborne

Highway robbery

Robert Robertson

Housebreaking

John Wakelin

Housebreaking

William Woolcut

Highway robbery

Henry Barnes

Highway robbery

John Dunston

Housebreaking

John Longman

Highway robbery

Edward Paul

Housebreaking

Michael Shaw

Housebreaking

 

9 male death sentences were recorded at the 5th of July Sessions with 7 reprieves.

 

Date

Name

Crime

Wednesday 26th July

Robert Ellement

Housebreaking

 

Date

Name

Crime

Wednesday 9th August

Daniel Tripping

Highway robbery

 

18 men and 1 woman were condemned at the September 6th Sessions with 4 men and the  woman being reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

 

 

 

Monday 9th October

 

Benjamin Loveday (Lowders)

Sending threatening letter

John Johnson (Drew)

Highway robbery

Charles Patrick

Highway robbery

William Meads

Highway robbery

Viner White

Highway robbery

John Vaughan

Highway robbery

Edward Perkins

Highway robbery

John Magrady

Highway robbery

William Fleming

Highway robbery

Edward Dalton

Murder

Richard Griffiths

Murder

John Bumpus

Highway robbery

William Shelton

Highway robbery

 

The 11th of October Sessions resulted in 3 men a woman being sentenced to death. 2 men and the woman were reprieved and the other man executed in January 1733.

 

Date

Name

Crime

Monday 16th October

Joseph Powis

Housebreaking

 

6 men were sentenced to hang at the 6th of December Sessions, of whom 5 were executed in January 1733 and 1 reprieved.

 

1733

 

There were 6 “hanging days” at Tyburn this with 46 men being hanged and 1 woman being burned at the stake.  52 men and 9 women were condemned during this year. 

 

6 men were condemned at the January Sessions on the 12th of that month and none were reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Monday 29th January
(sentenced 1732)

Richard Marshall

Housebreaking

William Macloughlan

Stealing in a dwelling house

William Health (Heath)

Highway robbery

Henry Neal

Housebreaking

Ebenezar Dunn

Housebreaking

John Ingram

Housebreaking

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Monday 29th January
(sentenced 1733)

Thomas Banks

Housebreaking

Samuel Thomas

Murder of wife

John Emerton (Emerson/Mears)

Stealing in a dwelling house

John Akers (Ackers)

Highway robbery

John Weston (Welton)

Highway robbery

William Booth

Highway robbery

 

10 men and a woman were condemned at the February Sessions on the 21st of that month, all but 2 men being subsequently hanged.  Sarah Malcolm was hanged opposite Mitre Court, Fleet Street on the 7th of March, for the murders and robbery of Ann Price, Elizabeth Harrison and Lydia Duncomb.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

 

Monday 5th March

Joseph Pretwell

Highway robbery

Rowley Turner

Highway robbery

David Delly (Dilly)

Highway robbery

William Harris

Highway robbery

Leonard Budley (Butler)

Highway robbery

William West

Housebreaking

Andrew Curd

Housebreaking

William Chamberlain

Highway robbery

 

The next Sessions opened on Wednesday the 4th of April and 6 men and a woman were condemned of whom 2 men and the woman were reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

Monday 25th April

 

James Ward

Highway robbery

William Keys

Highway robbery

William Norman

Highway robbery

William Gordon

Highway robbery

 

3 men were sentenced to hang at the 10th of May Sessions of whom just 1 was reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

Monday 28th May

 

John Jones

Highway robbery

John Davis (Davies)

Highway robbery

 

1 man and a woman received death sentences at the 28th of June Sessions, the woman being subsequently reprieved.

 

The September Sessions which opened on the 12th led to 9 men and 1 woman being sentenced to hang. 2 of the men and the woman were reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

 

Saturday 6th October

 

William Sidewell (Sidwell/Robinson)

Highway robbery

Richard Lamb

Murder of wife

John Cannon

Rape of child

Joseph Blunt

Murder

Jonas Pearson

Horse theft

George Richardson

Highway robbery

Laurence Grace

Highway robbery

John Smithson

Highway robbery

 

6 men and 2 women were condemned at the 10th of October Sessions of whom 4 men and the 2 women were reprieved.

 

11 men and 3 women received death sentences at the Sessions on the 5th of December, of whom 1 of the men and 2 of the women were reprieved.  Elizabeth Wright was burned at the stake for coining.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

 

 

 

Wednesday 19th December

 

John Brown (Johnson)

H/T coining

Thomas Whitby (Woodby)

Highway robbery

John Baxter

Highway robbery

John Rooke

Highway robbery

John Cullington

Highway robbery

John Anderson

Housebreaking

James Baker

Housebreaking

Francis Ogilby

Housebreaking

John Beach

Highway robbery

William Browne

Housebreaking

Joseph Whittock

Housebreaking

William Johnson

Stealing deer

Elizabeth Wright

H/T coining

 

1734

 

There were 5 “hanging days” at Tyburn this with 22 men and 4 woman being executed.  42 men and 10 women were condemned during this year.  Mary Haycock, Elizabeth Tracey and Catherine Bougle were burned at the stake for counterfeiting and possession of coining equipment.  This is London’s only recorded multiple burning in the eighteenth century.  

 

10 men were condemned at the 16th of January Sessions of whom 4 men were reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Monday 11th February

William Symonds

Highway robbery

Samuel Steele

Highway robbery

William Simmons

Housebreaking

George Peters

Housebreaking

James Belford

Stealing

James Macdonald

Highway robbery

 

6 men and a woman were condemned at the February Sessions on the 22nd of that month and 2 men were reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Friday 8th March

 

Henry Crane

Highway robbery

Edward Tudor

Housebreaking

Judith Defour (Leeford)

Murder of her bastard child

Ralph Holbrook

Highway robbery

Caleb Charlesworth

Housebreaking

 

The 24th April Sessions led to 5 men and 2 women being condemned of whom 3 of the men and all 1 woman were subsequently reprieved.  The other woman died in Newgate.

 

The May Sessions opened on the 30th and resulted in death sentences on 5 men.  2 of the men were reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Tuesday 9th July

 

Thomas Evans

Stealing in a dwelling house

Peter Merche (Mackie)

Highway robbery

John Taverner (Cotton)

Highway robbery

William Ray

Murder of wife

Roger Bow

Murder

 

2 men and 4 women were sentenced to death at the July Sessions that opened on the 10th, 2 men and 1 of the women being reprieved.

 

6 men and 1 woman were condemned at the 11th of September Sessions of whom 3 of the men and 1 of the women were reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Wednesday 2nd October

 

Mary Haycock

H/T coining

Elizabeth Tracey

H/T coining

Catherine Bougle

H/T coining

Thomas Macguire

Horse theft

Robert Colson

Highway robbery

William Howard

Housebreaking

The 3 women were drawn to Tyburn and burnt at the stake.

 

The next Sessions began on the 16th of October and resulted in 1 man and 1 woman being condemned. The woman was reprieved.

 

7 men and a woman were sentenced to hang at the 4th of December Sessions of whom 3 of the men and the woman were reprieved.  William Williams was hanged opposite Somerset House in the Strand on Tuesday the 31st of December for murder.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

Monday 30th December

 

John Butler

Housebreaking

Aaron Pritchard

Stealing in a dwelling house

Ambrose Thurman

Stealing in a dwelling house

James Casey

Highway robbery

 

Analysis by year.

 

Year

Men

Women

 

Sentenced to death

Hanged

Sentenced to death

Executed

1725

46

30

10

2

1726

54

26

12

6

1727

30

15

10

1

1728

63

44

15

9

1729

47

30

10

2

1730

59

37

5

0

1731

43

35

2

0

1732

59

35

5

0

1733

52

46

9

1

1734

43

22

10

4

Sub totals

496

319

88

25

Total death sentences  584

Total executed

 

(340 hanged and 5 burnt)

 

Analysis of executions by crime.

 

Murder

24

Murder bastard child

1

P/T murder

1

Highway robbery

166

Housebreaking

41

Burglary

26

Horse theft

11

Stealing in a dwelling house

20

Rape

5

H/T coining offences

9

Arson

1

Forgery

2

Robbery in a dwelling house

1

Privately stealing from person

7

Uttering

0

Stealing in a shop/warehouse

9

At large

7

Riot

0

Other (inc. shot at)

14

Total

345

 

In this decade the “other crimes” category includes bestiality, sending threatening letters and several cases where the crime is not known and the person’s name appears only in the sentencing summary and in the execution records.

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