Executions at Tyburn 1775 – 1783.

 

856 death sentences were passed during this period on 760 men and 96 women.  Of these, 306 men and 12 women were duly executed.  Overall reprieve rate : 62.86%. Male reprieves : 59.74%, female reprieves : 87.50%.

The last hanging at Tyburn took place on Friday, the 7th of November 1783.

 

1775

There were 10 “hanging days” at Tyburn with 43 men and 1 woman being hanged.

83 men and 5 women were sentenced to death at the Old Bailey during the year, of which 43 men and 3 women were reprieved.

 

The Sessions held on the 11th of January resulted in 8 men being sentenced to death, of whom 4 men were reprieved. 

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

Tuesday 10th January
(sentenced in 1774)

Richard Mitchell

Stole from letter

William Pritchard

Burglary

Peter Thane

Burglary

Edward Parker

Burglary

Amos Merritt

Burglary

John Williams

Stealing in a dwelling house

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

Wednesday 15th February (sentenced in 1774)

Edward Batsford

Highway robbery

William Marley

Highway robbery

John Brown

Highway robbery

Thomas Free

Highway robbery

 

The February Sessions that began on the 15th resulted in a further 6 men being sentenced to death, of whom 3 were hanged.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

Friday 21st April

William Pine

Burglary

Joseph Taylor

At large

James Wright

Housebreaking

 

14 men were sentenced to death at the 26th of April Sessions, of whom 6 were hanged on the 7th of June.

 

15 men received death sentences at the 21st of May Sessions. There were 6 reprieves, 7 men were hanged in July and 2 more, the Perreaus, in January of 1776.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

Wednesday 7th June

Thomas Tunks

Burglary

Richard Walthall

Stealing in a dwelling house

Thomas Palmer

Burglary

Michael Conway

Burglary

Thomas McDonald

Burglary

Henry Jordan

Stealing in a dwelling house

 

The Sessions on the 12th of July saw 4 men get the death sentence, of whom just 1 was reprieved.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

 

Wednesday 19th July

Thomas Withall

At large

Charles Whittle

Highway robbery

Joseph Scott

Highway robbery

Thomas Greenwood

Housebreaking

George Miller

Housebreaking

George Morris

H/T coining

William Bromarch

H/T coining

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

Wednesday 16th August

Henry McAllister

Highway robbery

John Muggleton

Stealing in a dwelling house

William Jackling

Stealing in a dwelling house

 

The next Sessions began on the 13th of September and resulted in 12 men and 3 women being sentenced to death.  7 of the men and all of the women were reprieved.

 

12 men and 1 woman were condemned at the 18th of October Sessions, of whom 3 men and the woman were reprieved.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Monday 23rd October

Alexander Tate

Murder

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

Wednesday 25th October

John Johnson

Highway robbery

Thomas Bath

Highway robbery

Robert Angus

Highway robbery

John Wild

At large

John Yardley

H/T coining

 

The December Sessions opened on the 6th and 12 men and a woman received death sentences, of whom 7 men were reprieved and 5 men were left for execution in 1776.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Wednesday 13th December

Sarah Reynolds

Murder of bastard child

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

Wednesday 20th December

George Hartley

Highway robbery

Mark Clarke

Burglary

William Wilson

Burglary

William Archer

Burglary

Charles Reading

Burglary

William Winter

Highway robbery

John Maguire

Highway robbery

Andrew Gray

Burglary

 

1776

82 men and 2 women were sentenced to death during this year and 39 men were hanged at Tyburn on 10 “hanging days”.

 

The first Sessions of 1736 were held on the 10th of January and resulted in 7 men receiving death sentences, of which 5 were commuted.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Monday 15th January  (sentenced in 1776)

Robert Williams

Murder

Joseph Bull

Murder

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

Wednesday 17th January (sentenced in 1775)

Robert Perreau

Forgery

Daniel Perreau

Forgery

Alexander Saunders

Burglary

Abraham Lyons

Burglary

George Lee

Highway robbery

Richard Baker

H/T coining

John Ratcliffe

H/T coining

 

The next Sessions opened on the 21st of February and resulted in 4 death sentences, of which 2 were commuted. 

 

9 men were condemned at the April 17th Sessions, of whom 5 were hanged in June.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Friday 12th April

Samuel Whitlow

Burglary

James Langer

Highway robbery

 

The 22nd of May Sessions resulted in 19 male death sentences, of which 10 were commuted.  2 were hanged the following Monday and the rest on Wednesday, the 17th of July.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Monday 27th May 

Benjamin Harley

Murder

Thomas Henman

Murder

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

Wednesday 19th June

William Miles

Highway robbery

John Jones

Burglary

Christopher Saunders

Bestiality

Daniel Greenwood

Stealing in a dwelling house

Robert Street

H/T coining

 

4 death sentences were passed at the Sessions on 10th of July, resulting in 1 execution.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

 

Wednesday 17th July

John Bissel

H/T coining

Thomas Askew

H/T coining

John Mayo

Highway robbery

John Standith

Highway robbery

James Humphries

Highway robbery

Archibald Girdwood (or Rowley)

Sending threatening letter

George Rowney

Burglary

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Wednesday 14th August

Richard Goodwell

Burglary

 

The September Sessions on the 11th saw 11 men and 2 women condemned, of whom 6 men and the 2 women were reprieved. 2 were hanged the following Monday for their parts in murder committed by Benjamin Harley and Thomas Henman, whilst the others were held over for execution to October.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Monday 16th September 

Robert Harley

Murder

Edward George

Murder

 

18 men were sentenced to death at the October Sessions on the 16th of that month, with 8 left for execution in December and 10 reprieved. 

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

Wednesday 23rd October

William Wood

Housebreaking

Charles Pipkins

Housebreaking

Robert Walker

H/T coining

 

A further 10 men were condemned at the 4th of December Sessions with 4 reprieved.  The other 6 were hanged in January 1777.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

 

Wednesday 11th December

Robert Smith

Highway robbery

John Richardson

Highway robbery

William Dover

Highway robbery

John Harding

Burglary

William Davis

Forgery

John White (Wild)

H/T coining

Joseph White (Wild)

H/T coining

Charles McLaughlan

Highway robbery

 

1777

60 men and 4 women were sentenced to death during this year. There were 10 “hanging days” at Tyburn this year with 32 men and no women executed..

 

9 men received death sentences at the January Sessions on the 15th, of whom 4 were reprieved and the rest hanged on the 26th of February.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

Wednesday 29th January
(sentenced in 1776)

Richard Wright

Housebreaking

Benjamin Eyres

Stealing in a dwelling house

John Kelly

Stealing in a dwelling house

Thomas Lathom

Highway robbery

Thomas Moreton

Highway robbery

Thomas Burroughs

Sodomy

 

5 men and 1 woman were sentenced to death at the February Sessions on the 19th, of whom 3 men subsequently hanged.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Monday 24th February

Pedro Tolosa

Murder

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

Wednesday 26th February

Edward Goswell

Highway robbery

John Life

Highway robbery

Valentine Fuller

Highway robbery

George (Charles) Parsons

Highway robbery

Charles Davis

Highway robbery

 

7 men and a woman were sentenced to death at the 9th of April Sessions, with 4 of the men being hanged in May.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Wednesday 16th April

William Lavey

H/T coining

Joseph Wilson

Highway robbery

 

The May Sessions on the 14th led to 3 men being condemned, with 1 man being reprieved.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

Wednesday 21st May

James Field

Burglary

Benjamin Carraul

Burglary

David Sheffield

Burglary

William Sheffield

Burglary

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Friday 27th June

Dr. William Dodd

Forgery

Joseph Harris

Highway robbery

 

12 men and a woman were condemned at the 2nd of July Sessions, of whom 5 men and the woman were later reprieved.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

 

 

 

Wednesday 6th August

John (James) Stride

Highway robbery

William Miles

Highway robbery

John Cox

Stealing in a dwelling house

Thomas Brady

Stealing in a dwelling house

Thomas Nash

Burglary

William Harsnett

Burglary

Edward Lynch

Burglary

 

4 men were sentenced to death at the 10th of September Sessions, of whom 2 were reprieved and the other 2 hanged in October.

12 men and a woman were condemned at the October Sessions on the 15th of that month, of whom 10 men and the woman were reprieved. 

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Wednesday 29th October

Richard Turwood

Stealing in a dwelling house

John Graves

Burglary

 

The Sessions held on the 3rd of December resulted in 8 death sentences being passed, 1 man being hanged for murder on the 8th of December 4 being reprieved and the others executed in 1778.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Monday 8th December

Francis Mercer

Murder

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Friday 12th December

Rev. Benjamin Russen

Rape

Morris Geary

H/T Coining

 

1778

 

There were 8 “hanging days” at Tyburn in 1758 with 33 men and no women being executed. 75 men and 8 women were condemned during this year.

 

Date

Name

Crime

Friday 23rd January

(sentenced in 1777)

William Pollard

Burglary

John Gehagen

Highway robbery

Benjamin Johnson

Burglary

 

The first Sessions of 1778 were held on the 14th of January resulting in 11 men being condemned, of whom 5 men were reprieved.

 

13 men were sentenced to hang at the February Sessions on the 18th with 6 being later reprieved and the others hanged in May.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Friday 6th March

 

Henry Green

Burglary

Thomas Dunn

Burglary

William Stevens

Burglary

Thomas Pugh

Burglary

Robert Griffiths

Burglary

Francis Green

Highway robbery

 

The April Sessions opened on the 29th and led to 15 death sentences on 14 men and 1 woman. 7 men and the woman were reprieved.

 

Date of execution

Name

Crime

Monday 4th May

John House

Murder

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Friday 22nd May

 

Edward Lake

Highway robbery

Thomas Osborne

Highway robbery

Philip Ramsey

Burglary

William Murray

Burglary

Peter Ceppi (Scipio)

Shot at

Thomas Hughes

Stealing in a dwelling house

Thomas Sherwood

Forgery

 

4 men were condemned at the 3rd of June Sessions but were all reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Wednesday 24th June

 

Francis Crimson (Grimson)

Burglary

William Turner

Burglary

Joseph Davis

Burglary

Henry Jordan

Burglary

James Fryer

Burglary

Thomas Horner

Robbery in a dwelling house

 

12 men and 4 women were condemned at the 15th of July Sessions.  7 of the men were subsequently executed in October.

 

9 men and a woman were condemned at the September Sessions which opened on the 16th, the woman and 7 of the men being subsequently reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

 

Monday 19th October

Andrew Carleton

Burglary

John Holt

Burglary

Robert Allen

Burglary

John Milbourn

Burglary

John Meadows

Highway robbery

Henry Scott

Highway robbery

Lyon Lyons

Burglary

 

3 men and 2 women were condemned at the October Sessions, of whom 2 of the men and the women were reprieved. 

 

Date

Name

Crime

Monday 26th October

Francis Delile

Stealing in a dwelling house

John Jones

Rape

 

 

Date

Name

Crime

Wednesday 25th November

Michael Swift

Shot at

 

The final Sessions of 1778 took place on the 9th of December with 9 men being sentenced to die, of whom 4 were reprieved.  The rest were hanged in February 1779.

 

1779

 

There were 9 “hanging days” at Tyburn this year with 22 men and 1 woman being hanged and 1 woman burned at the stake for High Treason.  50 men and 10 women were condemned during this year.

 

There were 7 male death sentences passed at 13th of January Sessions, of which 5 were commuted. 

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Friday 12th February
(sentenced in 1778)

 

James Bean

Burglary

John Hartley

Burglary

Lambert Smith

Burglary

William Jones

Highway robbery

Richard Baker

Highway robbery

 

9 men and a woman were condemned at the February Sessions on the 17th of that month, of whom 7 men and the woman were reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

Friday 19th February
(sentenced in 1779)

Henry Ball

Burglary

Thomas Osborn

Burglary

 

Date

Name

Crime

Wednesday 31 March

 

Frederick John Eustace

Stealing in a dwelling house

Rowland Ridgway

H/T Coining

 

8 men and 2 women received death sentences at the April Sessions on the 14th of that month, with 2 of the men being subsequently hanged.

 

Date

Name

Crime

Monday 19th April

James Hackman

Murder

 

5 men were condemned at the 19th of May Sessions with 4 being reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

Wednesday 26th May

 

John Bell

Burglary

Peter Weldon

H/T Coining

 

Date

Name

Crime

Wednesday 28th July

William Matthewson (Maxwell)

Forgery

 

6 men and a woman were sentenced to death at the July Sessions on the 7th.  2 men and the woman were subsequently reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

Wednesday 25th August

 

Michael Brannan

Highway robbery

Martin Galavan

Highway robbery

Thomas Ricketts

Housebreaking

James Barrett

Rape

 

The September Sessions resulted in 5 men and 4 women being condemned. 2 women and 3 men were reprieved. Isabella Condon was burnt at the stake.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

Wednesday 27th October

 

Thomas King

Stealing in a dwelling house

Margaret Creamer

Highway robbery

William Chamberlain

Stealing from a letter

Isabella Condon

H/T Coining

 

The October Sessions resulted in death sentences on 4 men and 2 women.  1 of the men and the 2 women were reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

Monday 6th December

 

Timothy Fitzpatrick

Stealing in a dwelling house

John Taylor

Uttering

John Staples

Highway robbery

 

6 men were condemned at the December Sessions of whom only 1 was reprieved and the other held over for execution until January 1790.

 

1780

 

There were 7 “hanging days” at Tyburn in this year when 26 men and 2 women were executed.  84 men and 11 women were condemned during this year. 

 

The very high numbers of death sentences were a result of the anti-Catholic Gordon Riots.  On the 2nd of July, Lord George Gordon led a crowd estimated at some 50,000 to the House of Commons to present a petition for the repeal of the 1778 Catholic Relief Act. A major riot ensued and over the next 5 days, many Catholic chapels and private houses were destroyed.  17 men and 2 women were executed at various locations around London for their parts in the rioting.

The January Sessions on the 16th of that month resulted in 7 men and a woman receiving death sentences.  2 men and the woman were reprieved and the rest held over for execution on the 12th of April.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

Wednesday 19th January
(sentenced in 1779)

 

John Howell

Stealing in a dwelling house

William Kent (Flint)

Highway robbery

Hugh Malvey

Burglary

John Wiley

Burglary

John Woodmore

Burglary

 

7 men were condemned at the February Sessions which opened on the 23rd.  4 were later reprieved and the rest held over for execution on the 12th of April.

 

A further 5 men and 1 woman were sentenced to death at the April Sessions on the 5th, with all but 1 man being reprieved. 

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

 

Wednesday 12th April

Robert Hughes

Burglary

John Franque (Franks)

Burglary

John M’Cormick

Stealing in a dwelling house

John Benfield

H/T Coining

William Turley

H/T Coining

Robert Anders (Andrews)

Burglary

Richard Palmer

Burglary

 

4 men were condemned at the 10th of May Sessions, of whom only 1 was to hang in November. 

 

The June Sessions were extremely busy as a result of the Gordon Riots.  35 men and 3 women were sentenced to hang.  Of these, only 3 men were condemned for offences other than riot and all 3 were hanged.  Of the rioters, 15 men and 1 woman were reprieved, including Edward Dennis, London’s only hangman.  The rest were hanged at various places - in some cases where their crime was committed.

 

Date

Name

Crime

Monday 3rd July

Dennis Reardon

Murder of wife

 

Date

Name

Crime

Thursday 13th July

Christopher Plumley

Robbery in a dwelling house

 

Date

Name

Crime

Saturday 22nd July

James Early (Harley)

Highway robbery

Thomas Kelly

Highway robbery

Andrew Gray

Highway robbery

 

The 17 men and 2 women executed for riot and pulling down houses are as follows :

(They are not included in the Tyburn totals). A further woman, Mary Gardner, was hanged in November.

 

Date

Name

Place of execution

 

 

Tuesday 11th July

William Brown

Bishopsgate Street

William Pateman

Coleman Street

William McDonald

Tower Hill

Mary Roberts

Tower Hill

Charlotte Gardner

Tower Hill

 

Wednesday 12th July

James Henry

Holborn Hill

Richard Roberts

Bow Street

Thomas Taplin

Bow Street

Thursday 13th July

Enoch Fleming

Oxford Road

Thursday 20th July

James Jackson

Old Bailey

John Gamble

Bethnal Green

Samuel Solomons

Whiechapel

 

 

Friday 21st July

George Staples

Coleman Street

Jonathan Stacey

White’s Alley Moorfields

Benjamin Waters

Old Street opposite Golden Ln.

Thomas Price

Old Street opposite Golden Ln.

James Burns

Old Street opposite Golden Ln.

Saturday 22nd July

John Gray

Bloomsbury Square

Charles Kent

Bloomsbury Square

 

12 men and 2 women were sentenced to death at the September Sessions on the 13th of that month.  5 men and 1 of the women were reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

 

Wednesday 22nd November

 

William Edwards (sentenced in May)

Highway robbery

Steward Montague

Stealing in a dwelling house

Abraham Danford

Robbery in a dwelling house

William Newton

Robbery in a dwelling house

Samuel Baker

Highway robbery

Thomas Cox

Stealing in a dwelling house

Mary Gardner

Riot & pulling down houses

Benjamin Kinder

Housebreaking

Joseph Carter

H/T Coining

 

5 men and 3 women were condemned at the 18th of October Sessions, with 4 men and 2 women being reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

Wednesday 29th November

George Bishop

Stealing from a letter

Margaret M’Clachlan

Robbery in a dwelling house

 

9 men and 1 woman received death sentences at the December 6th Sessions. 7 of the men and the woman were reprieved and the other 2 men hanging in February of 1781.

 

1781

 

There were 6 “hanging days” at Tyburn in 1781 with 24 men and 5 women being hanged.  73 men and 19 women were condemned during this year. 

 

Date

Name

Crime

Tuesday 20th February

(sentenced in 1780)

Michael Daniel

Highway robbery

William Thompson

Highway robbery

 

8 men and 5 women were condemned at the January Sessions on the 10th of that month and all but one of the women were reprieved.

 

5 men and 3 women were given death sentences at the February Sessions on the 21st of that month, 3 of the men and 1 woman being reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

Tuesday 27th February (sentenced in 1781)

Ann Martin (Harris)

Stealing in a dwelling house

 

8 men and a woman were condemned at the April Sessions on the 25th.  4 men and the woman were reprieved.

 

13 men and a woman were condemned at the May Sessions on the 30th.  7 men and the woman were reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Wednesday 6th June

 

William Russell

Highway robbery

Jane Vincent

Robbery in a dwelling house

Richard Sherring

Highway robbery

John King

Highway robbery

Peter Boyce

Burglary

William Archer

Highway robbery

 

15 men and 2 women were sentenced to death at the July Sessions on the 11th, with all but 1 man being reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

 

Thursday 26th July

 

Thomas Dicks

Making a false oath re a will

John Calcott

Highway robbery

Lawrence Webb

Highway robbery

William Ives

Housebreaking

Thomas Holliday

Highway robbery

Andrew Daniels

Highway robbery

William Jackson

Burglary

 

Date

Name

Crime

Friday 27th July

Francois de la Motte

High treason

De la Motte was hanged, drawn and quartered. His head was cut off, his heart was taken out and burned, although the quartering was remitted.

 

16 men and 6 women were condemned at the 12th of September Sessions, of whom 7 men and 3 women were reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

 

 

 

Thursday 18th October

 

Mary Bond

Robbery in a dwelling house

Henry Jones

Highway robbery

John Buckley

Highway robbery

Thomas Shenton

Highway robbery

John White

Highway robbery

James Clark

Highway robbery

Francis Waters

Highway robbery

Jane Fuller

Highway robbery

Elizabeth Hatchett

Highway robbery

John Steward

Highway robbery

Charles Atkins

Highway robbery

John Burrows

H/T Coining

 

6 men were condemned at the October Sessions on the 17th and all were reprieved.

 

3 men received death sentences at the 5th of December Sessions and again all were reprieved.

 

1782

 

There were 9 “hanging days” at Tyburn in this year with 38 men and 2 women were executed.  96 men and 18 women were condemned during this year. 

 

10 men and a woman were sentenced to death at the 9th of January Sessions, of whom 6 men and the woman were reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

Wednesday 13th March

James Riley

Highway robbery

John Coleman

Highway robbery

John Lucas

Highway robbery

Edmund Harris

Housebreaking

 

10 death sentences passed at the 20th of February Sessions on 8 men and 2 women.  6 men and the 2 women were reprieved

 

15 men and 3 women were condemned at the 10th of April Sessions, of whom 9 men and 2 women were reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

Wednesday 24th April

William Roberts (Cutler)

Stealing in a dwelling house

William Smith

Highway robbery

 

One man and 1 woman received death sentences at the 15th of May Sessions, with the woman being reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

 

Wednesday 12th June

Mary Rawlins

Robbery in a dwelling house

George Perkins

Robbery in a dwelling house

Robert Hutton

Highway robbery

William Bailey

Highway robbery

William Brewster

Highway robbery

Richard Davis

Highway robbery

Job Wilkinson

Highway robbery

Francis Cunoy

Housebreaking

 

10 men and 1 woman were sentenced to hang at the 3rd of July Sessions, with 4 men and the woman being reprieved. 

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Tuesday 3rd September

 

David Jones

Burglary

James Maken

Burglary

Joseph Weston

Shot at

George Weston

Forgery

James Baker

Burglary

George Lele

Burglary

 

25 men and 7 women were condemned at the 11th of September Sessions.  Of these, 10 men and 6 women were reprieved. The rest were hanged in 3 batches on the 16th of September and 15th of October.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Monday 16th September

James Messenger

Burglary

Evan Price

Highway robbery

Joseph Caddie

Abetting murder

John Stunnel

Abetting murder

Charles Kelly

Burglary

 

Date

Name

Crime

Friday 4th October

William Mayhew

Highway robbery

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

 

 

Tuesday 15th October

Peter Verrier

Burglary

Henry Berthond

Personate

William Jones

Stealing in a dwelling house

William Odom

Highway robbery

Thomas Gladenboul

Highway robbery

Charlotte Goodall

Stealing in a dwelling house

John Edmunds

Stealing in a dwelling house

John Weatherby

H/T Coining

John Lafore

H/T Coining

John Graham

Uttering

 

10 men were condemned at the 16th of October Sessions, of whom 6 were reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

Saturday 19th October

Francis Gray

Murder

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

Wednesday 27th November

David Hughes

Stealing in a dwelling house

Michael Ronton (or Bonton)

Highway robbery

Thomas Condon (Collins)

H/T Coining

 

3 women and 17 men were condemned at the December Sessions on the 6th, with 10 men and the 3 women being reprieved.  1 man, William Saunders, died in prison and the rest were hanged in January 1783.

 

1783

 

There were 10 “hanging days” at Tyburn, with 49 men being hanged.  157 men and 19 women were condemned during this year.  With the exception of John Austen, all of those sentenced to death at the October and December Sessions were hanged outside Newgate Prison. Executions at Tyburn ceased on the 7th of November.

 

7 men and 4 women were condemned at the January Sessions on the 15th of that month, of whom 4 men and all of the women were reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

Wednesday 22nd January
(sentenced in 1782)

John Booker

Stealing in a shop

William Wood

Robbery in a dwelling house

John Fitzgerald

Robbery in a dwelling house

John Johnson

H/T Coining

John Lawson

H/T Coining

Thomas Cope

H/T Coining

 

6 men were condemned at the February Sessions on the 26th of that month, with 3 being later reprieved.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

Friday 7th March

John Merchant

Highway robbery

John Kelly

Highway robbery

John Smith

Robbery in a dwelling house

 

The next Sessions opened on Wednesday, the 30th of April, with 16 men and 2 women being condemned.  10 of the men and the 2 women were reprieved.  John Mills was hanged on the 2nd of July opposite St. Andrew’s Church, Holborn Hill for cutting and maiming.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

Wednesday 14th of May

Edward Muslin

Stealing in a dwelling house

James West

Highway robbery

Edward Wootton

Highway robbery

 

20 men and 2 women were condemned at the June Sessions on the 6th, with 12 men and the 2 women being reprieved. One man, Alexander Smith, died in prison.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Thursday 3rd July

John Wharton

Burglary

John Hazelworth

Highway robbery

Robert Cullom

Burglary

William Pratt

Burglary

William Harcourt

H/T Coining

 

14 men were condemned at the 23rd of July Sessions, of whom 7 were to hang.

 

Date

Name

Crime

Monday 28th July

Emmanuel Pinto

Murder

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

 

Wednesday 20th August
(from June Sessions)

Richard Pratt

Personate

Thomas Davis

Housebreaking

John Bitton

Highway robbery

George Adams

Stealing in a dwelling house

John Morella

Stealing in a shop

John Fantum

Highway robbery

James Grant

Housebreaking

William Smith

Housebreaking

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Friday 29th August
(from July Sessions)

William Wynne Ryland

Forgery

James Brown (Oatley)

Burglary

John Edwards

Personate

James Rivers

Robbery in a dwelling house

Thomas Burgess

Highway robbery

John Lloyd

Robbery in a dwelling house

 

No less than 53 men and 4 women were condemned at the September Sessions on the 10th, of whom 35 men and the women were reprieved.  One man, Joseph Scott, died in prison.  24 of the men were condemned for their parts in a mutiny on board the transportation ship “Swift” which meant that they were legally “at large” -  6 of them were hanged on the 22nd of September.

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

Monday 22nd September

Charles Thomas

At large

David Hart

At large

Thomas Mullington

At large

William Matthews

At large

Abraham Hyams

At large

Christopher Trusty

At large

 

Date

Name

Crime

 

 

 

 

Tuesday 28th October

 

John Francis

Forgery

Matthew Damel

Uttering

James Neale

Stealing in a dwelling house

John Pilkington

Housebreaking

John Booker

Highway robbery

John Anderson

Personate

John Starkey

Stealing in a dwelling house

Thomas Smith

Stealing in a dwelling house

William Moore

H/T Coining

John Burton

Burglary

 

21 men and a woman were sentenced to hang at the October Sessions on the 29th.  12 of the men were subsequently reprieved.  John Austen was the last to suffer at Tyburn.  The others were hanged outside Newgate on the “New Drop” on Tuesday, the 9th of December.

 

Date

Name

Crime

Friday 7th November

John Austin

Highway robbery

 

18 men and 6 women received death sentences at the Sessions on the 10th of December.  14 of the men and 5 women were reprieved.

 

Year

Men

Women

 

Sentenced to death

Hanged

Sentenced to death

Hanged

Burnt

1775

83

43

5

1

 

1776

82

39

2

0

 

1777

60

32

4

0

 

1778

75

33

8

0

 

1779

50

22

10

1

1

1780

84

26

11

2

 

1781

73

24

19

5

 

1782

96

38

18

2

 

1783

157

49

19

0

 

Totals

760

306

96

11

1

 

Analysis by crime.

Murder

16

Murder bastard child

1

P/T murder

0

Highway robbery

96

Housebreaking

15

Burglary

75

Horse theft

0

Stealing in a dwelling house

31

Rape/sodomy

4

H/T and H/T coining offences

29

Arson

0

Forgery

9

Robbery in a dwelling house

14

Uttering

3

Stealing in a shop/warehouse

2

At large

9

Riot

1

Other crimes

13

Total

318

 

Note : Other crimes include personating, bestiality, shot at, and sending threatening letters.

 

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